Yellow-headed, aka yellow-crowned amazon belongs to the family of parrots, the genus is green parrots. These amazons are included in the II CITES Appendix.
Description of Yellow-headed Amazon
The body length of yellow-headed amazons ranges from 35-38 centimeters. The main color of the plumage is green, but the forehead, the beginning of the crown and the bridle are yellow.Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix).
Some individuals have yellow rings around their eyes. A characteristic feature of the yellow-crowned Amazon is the bend of the wing in red, and the edge of the wing with a lemon color. On 5 fly feathers there is a red "mirror". The tail feathers are red at the base. The beak is gray, and the beak on the sides and base is red. Paws are gray. The iris is orange. Young yellow-headed amazons differ from adults in a paler plumage, a dark iris and a gray beak.
Yellow-crowned Amazonian lifestyle
The natural habitat of these birds is tropical rainforest. This species is found at an altitude of up to 850 meters.Young parrots are painted only in green, but they have a small yellow spot on their forehead.
Yellow-crowned amazons are kept in packs or family groups. They feed on the fruits of the rainforest: nuts, citrus fruits, seeds, mangoes and other fruits. They make nests, as a rule, in hollows of trees. The female yellow-headed Amazon lays 1-2 eggs. The incubation period lasts about 22 days. Chicks hatch naked, and after about 2.5 months they fly out of the nest.
Listen to the voice of the yellow-headed Amazon//animalreader.ru/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/46370fd6767a.mp3Yellow-headed parrots live in pairs or small groups in the crowns of trees or in the open.
Subspecies of yellow-headed amazons
At least 5 subspecies of yellow-headed amazons live in the front of the range:
• Nutter's yellow-crowned Amazon reaches 38 centimeters in length. These parrots live in Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil and Bolivia. There is a wide green stripe on the forehead. Most representatives of this subspecies have a blue coating on the throat and ears. The chest may be lemon-colored or also have a blue coating. The bend of the wing is red with yellow feathers, and the beak is yellow or reddish;
• Surinamese Amazon in length reaches 36 centimeters. This subspecies is found on the eastern slopes of the Andes, in Venezuela, central Colombia, Guyana, Brazil, Trinidad and Suriname;
• The Marajon Amazon is slightly larger than the Surinamese Amazon, its body length is 38 centimeters. These parrots are found only on the island of Marajo, at the mouth of the Amazon. A distinctive feature of the nominal subspecies is that the yellow crown extends to the middle of the head, ears, base of the beak and eyes, while some individuals have greenish feathers on their foreheads. And some Marajon amazons on the beak are not red;
• The Panamanian Amazon has a body size of not more than 35 centimeters. Representatives of this subspecies are the smallest among relatives. The range of these parrots is limited to Panama and northwestern Colombia. The forehead of the Panamanian Amazon is yellow, and the upper part of the crown has a bluish bloom. Beak of yellow-bone color.
The content of yellow-crowned Amazon in captivity
These birds should be kept in spacious cages or enclosures. The cage should be so large that the parrot can fly in it - 1.2 by 1.2 by 2.4 meters. The cage must be locked, otherwise the Amazon will open the door and fly away.
Inside the cage with yellow-headed amazon there should be several shelters in which the bird can hide if desired. It is desirable that there is an exit to the street in the home of the Amazon, so that it can breathe fresh air and bask in the sun.
Cages with these parrots will have to be cleaned every day, and once a week they wash the perch, toys and other dirty sections of the cage. Every day a parrot is poured into a drinking bowl with fresh water. In addition, feed residues must be removed. The yellow-crowned Amazon will gnaw branches and poles and they will have to be replaced with new ones.In order for the plumage of the Amazon to be in good condition, it needs daily swimming.
If the feathers become dull, spray the bird with water from a spray bottle. After taking a bath, the parrot should dry in the sun or in a warm room.
Yellow-headed amazons are fed a granular feed, which contains a large amount of protein.
Every day, fruits and vegetables should be present in the diet. If you overfeed the Amazon, it will become picky about food. Since amazons are predisposed to obesity, they should be given a small amount of sunflower seeds as a treat.
If the diet of yellow-crowned amazons consists of only seeds, they need additional minerals and vitamins, otherwise they will develop vitamin deficiency. It is recommended to add vitamins not to water, but to soft foods, as pathogenic bacteria begin to develop in the water.Often there is a need for artificial feeding of chicks.
In order for the Amazons to multiply, in the cage there must be a nesting house measuring at least 30x30x60 centimeters. At the bottom of this house, wood chips are poured. If necessary, artificial feeding of the chicks should begin at the age of 5-7 days, by this time they have the necessary intestinal microflora and useful enzymes are formed in the intestines that come into their stomachs from their parents, as they feed babies with semi-liquid gruel, which they belch out their stomachs along with the gastric juice and the enzymes it contains.