Features and habitat of the iguana
Iguana - This is a large-sized lizard belonging to the class of reptiles. Some species of these animals are of impressive size, reaching a length of just less than two meters, and weight from 5 to 9 kg.
TO Iguana features include: skin covered with scales, as well as rough folds, thorns and spikes, and in some cases a sharp crest on the back, which (as seen on photo iguana) gives the lizards an exotic look and makes them similar to prehistoric reptiles.
The size of the scales can be very different, and the strongest of them cover the head of the lizard. The color of the animals depends on the variety, as well as on many other reasons, having the ability to change depending on the mood and even the state of health. It can be like gloomy tones: gray or dark blue, green, as well as brighter shades: reddish orange and brown.
The blue spiny iguana has a length of less than 30 cm, white and black stripes are located on its neck, and the skin is covered with bright spots. The iguana is an interesting animal, in addition to its impressive antediluvian appearance, it has many other amazing features.
In the lower eyelid of the reptile, there is a transparent window that allows the iguana to see the surroundings even if the creature closes its eyes. And if the animal for some reason loses its tooth, it can grow a new one in this place. The iguanas have perfectly developed paws, and the fingers have claws. The language of many species of these animals is also unique and capable of analyzing odors.
These reptiles are inhabitants of the American continent, but also iguanas live and on some tropical islands, preferring areas with a warm and humid climate.
Varieties of these reptiles are each adapted to its habitat. For example, an iguana that lives on trees is equipped with special hooks on its limbs, allowing it to freely climb trees.
The sandy iguana has adapted, hiding from danger, burrowing into the sand, and with the highest speed. Marine iguana has special nasal glands, with the help of which it gets rid of excess salt in the body. There are also rocky, semi-aquatic, steppe and other types of iguanas.
Iguana character and lifestyle
Of the varieties of lizards, green and marine are the most impressive in size. Green iguana - Reptile of enormous dimensions, is considered the largest representative of this species of animals.
She can be distinguished from others by the crest of thorns that runs along the entire length of her body, from head to tail. The life of this animal mainly takes place on trees, and a lizard descends from them only in order to fight with its own brethren for the territory that the iguanas defend with great bitterness and perseverance.
But the nature of these awesome-looking animals is not always so bad. Iguana lifestyle peaceful enough, and this creature is not particularly dangerous.
But she has quite insidious enemies. In nature, it can be foxes, large and birds of prey, as well as some species of snakes. But the worst enemy of these reptiles is a man who exterminates lizards due to juicy meat and high-quality leather, which is convenient to use for the manufacture of numerous types of haberdashery accessories and other items that are useful in everyday life and are design elements.
Many species of iguanas are rather shy, and settling near water bodies, even if there is a slight danger, are ready to jump into the water with a haste. But swimmers from them are skilled.
And, diving deep, reptiles are able to hold out without air for half an hour. The marine iguana more than its other congeners successfully mastered the aquatic environment, feeling no worse there than a fish, deftly wielding its tail and squeezing its paws under itself.
This variety also looks impressive, it can be up to 1 m 70 cm long, but it does not present any danger, and simply adores salt baths. Some of the lizards are so peaceful, but give the opportunity to tame themselves.
And many lovers of exotic contain such reptiles at home.Blue iguana - a small lizard, has an impressive, very beautiful color, as if attracting a look to itself. Price of iguana is 25,000 rubles.
However, it is better to keep in mind that such a cute and harmless creature can cause owners a lot of trouble associated with proper maintenance and placement. The animal can be purchased with iguana terrariumthat will provide her with the most comfortable conditions.
Keeping a cute little dragon at home is becoming more fashionable, so the number of people who want to contain large green iguanas is growing rapidly.
Caring for a domestic iguana involves daily heating of the body with a special lamp, since this type of reptile, being cold-blooded, is used to a tropical climate and urgently needs to observe a strict temperature regime.
Buy iguana there is an opportunity from the breeder, in nurseries, clubs for reptile lovers and via the Internet, in many cases, the delivery of the animal is also provided.
Mostly iguanas eat fodder of plant origin. Depending on the habitat, it can be cacti, a variety of flowers and other plants.
Home iguana is usually fed in the morning, and not eaten food is removed after a while so that it does not turn sour. Pets also need to regularly change water and make sure that it is clean. Animals need not only plant nutrition.
However, the diet iguanas at home requires sufficient calcium and phosphorus. It should consist of fruits and vegetables, as well as a certain amount of grain, herbs and mineral additives.
Reproduction and longevity of the iguana
Varieties animal iguana differ in the method of reproduction. Mostly iguanas are egg-laying, but in special cases, some species are able to produce live cubs.
Green iguanas become able to acquire offspring at the age of two, in some cases three years. And they usually communicate with a partner in the autumn. During mating season, iguanas often display intolerance and aggression.
They start fierce battles with rivals for the attention of their chosen ones. Their actions obey certain laws and resemble a kind of ritual. Even animal movements are extremely interesting in their features. The males exchange signs between themselves during the battles: sharp tail strokes and bows.
Future mother iguanas in the struggle for offspring are also no less aggressive and decisive. Most species of these reptiles lay their eggs in the ground, and in the struggle for a territory convenient for this, they can fight with anyone.
In one clutch there can be up to six eggs. And green iguanas often lay dozens of them. Cubs hatch in three months. Small reptiles constantly molt, but with age, this process happens less and less.
Iguanas can live up to ten, and with home maintenance, often up to 15 years. However, providing good care to such lizards is not at all simple. And sometimes it happens that the animals do not live even half of the due period. In most cases, this happens due to non-compliance with the temperature regime and the correct diet.