The Himalayan cat is a relatively long breed that is relatively new for our country and domestic breeders, which is similar to a Persian cat, but has eyes of any shades of blue color and color-point coat color, which manifests itself as a light body with a fairly dark muzzle, legs, tail and ears. The European name for this breed is Persian color point.
History of breed origin
The origin of the breed is quite confusing, and some Himalayan cats do not stand out as a separate breed by some felinological organizations. In the thirties of the last century, Anglo-American breeders carried out work on crossing a Siamese cat with a traditional Persian black cat.
The born black kittens had a short coat, which allowed the continuation of work on the breeding of long-haired breed "color point". Long experiments ended in breeding a cat with blue eyes, long hair and Siamese color in the middle of the last century, and five years later the breed was given the name Himalayan cat or Persian color point.
It is interesting! The color of the coat for all representatives of this breed is similar to the color of the Himalayan rabbit, and is represented by a characteristic light coat, dark legs, ears and tail.
The first Himalayan cats appeared in our country only in 1986, when a high-breed cat was introduced to Russia, which became the ancestor of the Russian "Himalayans".
Description of Himalayan cat
An unambiguous definition regarding the allocation of a Himalayan cat to a separate breed does not currently exist. The Association of Cat Lovers breed refers to the color variation of a Persian cat. An international organization, the Himalayan cat stands out as a separate breed belonging to the exotic and Persian shorthair cat from the "Persian breed group".
Breed standards suggest that the Himalayan cat has the following exterior:
- round head of large and medium size with a dome proportional to the body;
- wide jaws with a powerful chin, full and marked cheeks;
- the same width and length, visually upturned nose with open nostrils;
- full and rather short, flattened muzzle;
- located at a fairly considerable distance from each other, rounded and small ears;
- round and slightly convex in shape, eyes of blue shades;
- medium-sized skeleton with strong muscle mass, medium or large rounded abdomen;
- very fluffy, straight and equal to body length tail;
- long coat with thick undercoat.
One of the features of the breed is the acromelanic or color point color of red, chocolate, dark gray and light gray. There are animals with a rare tabby point and tortie color. The average body weight of an adult is 4-7 kg.
Himalayan cat character
As observations show, the Himalayan cat is an affectionate animal that requires increased attention of the owner. Cats and cats of such a relatively new breed get along well with any other pets, and are also friendly to even the smallest children. "Himalayans" treat strangers with some distrust and wariness.
It is interesting! A Himalayan cat can easily endure loneliness, and therefore even very busy people can breed this breed.
Due to the gentle and soft nature, Himalayan cats will be an excellent companion for an elderly person. From the traditional Siamese cat "Himalayas" inherited some regularity and curiosity, so all representatives of the breed are not excessively lazy and quite active, rarely meow and, as a rule, are not demanding.
A purebred Himalayan cat lives on average for fifteen years, but quite often among the representatives of the breed there are long-livers. As practice shows, the life expectancy of such a pet largely depends on the exact observance of the conditions of care and maintenance, as well as the organization of proper feeding.
Keeping a Himalayan cat at home
Proper care of a Himalayan cat takes a lot of time, and their long coat needs almost daily attention. Before buying a kitten of this breed, it is advisable to purchase a first-aid kit and basic care accessories.
Care and hygiene
A Himalayan cat is recommended to bathe often enough, and sometimes water procedures are replaced by combing. The special structure of the muzzle provokes frequent discharge from the eyes in the form of increased lacrimation, therefore, proper care must be provided. In addition, the ears and teeth of a cat are checked weekly, and the nails are trimmed once a month.
It is interesting! Cat's hair is often dirty, so the Himalayan needs to be bathed at least once a month, using special shampoos, and then dry the coat with a hairdryer.
Show attention and the most competent care require exhibition Himalayan cats. It is advisable to entrust the preparation of the animal for the show to specialists of the cat salon.
Himalayan cat diet
Himalayan cat is important to feed in accordance with its weight, age, as well as gender and health. Typically, kittens and pregnant cats are given food three or four times a day.
It is interesting! Himalayan cats are prone to obesity, so this pet should not be overfed, and the diet should be presented with industrial wet or dry foods of the "premium" and "super premium" class.
By the age of one and a half years, the animal is gradually transferred to the regime of "adult" two meals a day.
Diseases and birth defects
Himalayan cats are characterized by relatively good health and fairly strong immunity. Polycystic kidney disease is one of the most common pedigree diseases. This hereditary disease is very characteristic of the breed of Persian cats, but as a result of breeding work, it was possible to lower the percentage of birth of Himalayan kittens with this pathology. Skin diseases of asthma, dermatitis and psychogenic alopecia, as well as hereditary cataract, can also be attributed to the pedigree diseases of the Himalayans.
Parenting and training
After the animal adapts to the new place of residence, it is necessary to train the kitten to the toilet tray and bedroom place. To train a kitten to the toilet, special aerosols are often used. The next moment of upbringing is the training of a Himalayan cat in a clawfish. An important moment in the upbringing is the training of the pet for water procedures, caring for the coat, ears, claws and teeth. If desired, a Himalayan cat can be trained to perform some commands or simple tricks. In this case, as a rule, the nutritional or positive motivation of the pet is used.
Buy Himalayan cat
Breeders and nurseries sell kittens of the Himalayan cat breed at the age of three months, when the animal has a strong immunity, is socialized enough and is ready to move to a new place of residence. Currently, the breed is quite rare in Russia, so you can buy a real "Himalayan" only in nurseries that specialize in their breeding.
What to look for
The responsible breeder of the Himalayan cats must have a metric on the official form and with all necessary seals, as well as a veterinary passport with vaccination marks. As a rule, purebred Himalayan cats are sold by special kennels, which provide a full package of documentation, pet information and advice.
A healthy kitten is active and mobile, plays cheerfully and has a good appetite. The coat of such a pet is clean, and the eyes and ears have no discharge with an unpleasant odor. The belly of the kitten must be soft enough, and too dense area of the abdomen may indicate helminthic invasion.
Himalayan cat kitten price
The cost of purebred Himalayan kittens is comparable to the price of Persian cats, so it starts with ten thousand rubles. A kitten without a pedigree can be purchased for about five thousand rubles. Of course, the average cost of kittens varies depending on the characteristics of the color, exterior characteristics, as well as the sex and age of the animal. Of no small importance in pricing is the level of the nursery and its remoteness from the metropolis.
Himalayan cats are very playful and wonderful with other animals, so you don’t have to get bored with such a pet. Sometimes adult "Himalayans" retire, but after a while they will try to attract the attention of the owner. The breed is considered one of the most intelligent representatives of a large feline family, but at the same time we must not forget about the education of such a pet from early childhood.
Cats of this breed love cleanliness and order, so you need to carefully monitor the toilet tray and sleeper ward. Himalayan cats are clean, have a wonderful character, so they are great for keeping couples with children or not too active elderly people. Despite the relative ease of care, professional veterinarians and experienced breeders very strongly recommend the most competent approach to the process of choosing a diet for such a pet, as well as without fail to protect the animal from hypothermia and overheating.